Kategori: English Islam

The Names of Allah (Asmâ-ul Husnâ)

Question: What is the meaning of Asmâ-ul Husnâ? ANSWER Asmâ-ul Husnâ means Allah ta’âlâ’s Beautiful Names. His 99 Names stated in Tirmudhî are as follows: 1. Allah: It is His personal name, which encompasses the meanings of all His Names. He is only One Allah, besides whom there is no ilâh. This sacred name is His […]

What is belief in Allah?

Question: What is belief in Allah? ANSWER The first fundamental principle of îmân is to have belief in Allah. The expression “billahi” in the Âmantu conveys the meaning of having belief in Allahu ta’âlâ’s existence and oneness. The Creator of everything is Allahu ta’âlâ. It is He who has created everything on earth and in the heavens, substances, objects, […]

What is îmân?

Question: What is îmân? ANSWER Îmân means believing in the six fundamental principles of faith (Âmantu) along with all the commandments and prohibitions revealed to Muhammad (‘alaihissalâm) by Allahu ta’âlâ and delivered by him to us, and stating this belief with the tongue. The six fundamental principles of faith (Âmantu) are as follows: Âmantu bi’llâhi wa […]

The fundamentals of îmân and Islam

Question: Could you explain briefly Islam’s basic tenets of belief that every Muslim has to know? ANSWER Islam’s basic tenets of belief to be known are the fundamentals of îmân and Islam. We have gathered them briefly below. For detailed information, you can refer to the section concerning thefundamentals of Âmantu. The fundamentals of îmân are […]

The correct belief and protection of it

Question: Upon which thing is it conditional to achieve salvation in the Hereafter? ANSWER Some people suppose that every person having belief in the existence of Allah will go to Paradise, but this is a complete fallacy. The îmân [belief, faith] of a person who does not believe in one of the six tenets of belief […]

For a person who has converted to Islam

Question: A foreign friend of mine has just become a Muslim. What should we teach him before all else? ANSWER First of all, you must teach him “îmân”; that is, you must teach him Allahu ta’âlâ, His Attributes, Hadrat Muhammad’s being His Prophet, the six tenets of belief in the Âmantu, and then the five fundamentals […]

Belief in the ghayb

[Ghayb: It means those things that cannot be known through the mind and sense organs but can only be known through prophets’ informing us about them, e.g., Allah’s Attributes, the Day of Judgement, resurrection after death, creatures’ assembling in the place of Mahshar, etc.]Question: In the subject concerning îmân of the book Endless Bliss, Sayyid ‘Abdulhakîm Efendi defines “îmân” […]

The meaning of Kalimat at-tawhîd

Question: What is the meaning of Kalimat at-tawhîd? ANSWER When one becomes a Muslim, first and foremost, it obligatory for one to know and believe in the meaning of the phrase “Lâ ilâha ill-Allah Muhammadun Rasûl-Allah.” This phrase is called Kalimat at-tawhîd. The brief meaning of it is as follows: There is no god except Allah, and Muhammad (‘alaihis-salâm) is His […]

Ahl as-sunnat belief

Question: What are the conditions for having Ahl as-sunnat belief?ANSWER Some of the essential credal tenets of Ahl as-sunnat belief are as follows:1. To believe in the six tenets of belief in the Âmantu. [To believe that khair (good) and sharr (evil) and all things are from Allahu ta’âlâ. Allahu ta’âlâ has bestowed irâda-i juz’iyya [partial will] […]

Deeds are not a part of îmân

Question: Are a’mal [deeds, conduct, or practice] a part of îmân [faith]? That is, does a person who does not perform a commandment or who commits a prohibited act become a disbeliever?ANSWER No, such a person does not become a disbeliever. If deeds were a part of îmân, every sinner would become a disbeliever; there would […]

Îmân does not increase or decrease

Question: Does îmân [belief, faith] increase or decrease?ANSWER Hadrat Imâm-i Rabbânî declares:Since îmân is a confirmation and belief in the heart, there is no increase or decrease in it. Belief that increases and decreases cannot be îmân. It is called zan [supposition]. By performing the worships, the actions which Allahu ta’âlâ loves, îmân gets polished, becomes luminous, and […]

Which people are classified as being Ahl-i qibla?

Question: People who are Ahl-i qibla [people of the qibla] cannot be called kâfirs [disbelievers]. Since all the seventy-two heretical groups are Ahl-i qibla; that is, they perform namâz, do people calling them disbelievers not become the ones themselves? ANSWER Yes, the Ahl-i qibla cannot be called disbelievers, but what is the term “Ahl-i qibla”? The Ahl-i […]

Committing sins and îmân

Question: Do committing sins and persisting in committing them cause people to lose their îmân (faith)? ANSWER Committing grave sins and persisting in committing them may lead a person to kufr (disbelief) and result in dying without îmân. Question: What are the grave (major) sins? ANSWER Some of them are as follows: 1. To commit a bid’ah, [Any change or reform […]

The signs of îmân

Question: Is it possible for a person to know that (s)he is a Mu’min [Believer]? What are the signs of îmân? ANSWER Îmân [faith, belief] is to believe in the six tenets of belief expressed in the Âmantu. As a matter of fact, it is declared in a hadîth-i sharîf: (Îmân is to have faith in Allah, […]

Reaching the summit of îmân

Question: Can we reach the summit of îmân [faith, belief] easily by reading many articles proving the existence of Allahu ta’âlâ?ANSWER You cannot reach the summit of îmân by way of reading such articles. Our Master the Prophet “alaihis-salâm” explained how one could ascend the summit of îmân:(Doing the following things elevates one’s îmân to the […]

Types of îmân

Question: What are the types of îmân? ANSWER Although îmân is a whole entity, it is divided into three types in respect of its strength: 1. The îmân obtained by religiously ignorant people through imitating their parents with respect to belief and acts of worship is termed îmân-i taqlîdî [imitative belief]. It is feared that such people […]

Are iman and Islam different?

Question: How do Ahl as-Sunnat scholars define iman and Islam? ANSWER Ahl as-Sunnat scholars convey, word for word, the definition given by our Master the Prophet. Iman is to have belief in the six fundamental principles expressed in the Amantu. The following is the purport of thehadith-i sharif, whch was declared to be the Amantu: (Iman is to have belief in Allah, in […]

Does it suffice to say, “I believe in Allah”?

Question: A friend of mine says, “I believe in Allah because nothing can come into existence by itself. But I do not believe in religions, prophets, divine books, and the Hereafter.” In this case, is a person who thinks so considered to have belief in Allah? ANSWER He is, in no way, considered to have belief […]

Some excerpts from the book Fiqh-i Akbar

Some excerpts from the book Fiqh-i Akbar by Hadrat Imâm-i A’zam are as follows: 1. Îmân is to have belief in Allah, in His angels, in His books, in His prophets, in the Resurrection after death, in questioning and accounting on the Day of Judgement, in Mîzân [Scale], in Jannat [Paradise] and Jahannam [Hell], in qadar and in […]

Ten essentials of Islam

It is stated in a hadîth-i sharîf quoted by Tabarânî that those who do not observe any of the following ten essentials of Islam are in a state of a loss: 1. Saying “Lâ ilâha ill-Allah Muhammadun Rasûl-Allah” In order to become a Muslim, it is necessary to say this Kalimat at-tawhîd with a heartfelt belief in […]

Binding duties that every Muslim has to know

Question: What are the 32 fards [essentials, binding duties]? ANSWER Every Muslim has to know the 32 fards. They are as follows: Fundamentals of îmân: 6 Fundamentals of Islam: 5 Essentials of namâz [ritual prayer, salât]: 12 Essentials of ablution [wudû’, abdast]: 4 Essentials of ghusl [ritual bath]: 3 Essentials of tayammum: 2 There are also […]

What is meant by “a mote of îmân”?

Question: If those who do not have any good deeds or acts of worship and who spend their years sinning say the Kalima-i shahâdat with ikhlâs and die with this faith, will they go to Jannat [Paradise]? ANSWER It is very difficult for those who shun acts of worship and who are totally immersed in sins […]

What is meant by “a mote of îmân”?

Question: If those who do not have any good deeds or acts of worship and who spend their years sinning say the Kalima-i shahâdat with ikhlâs and die with this faith, will they go to Jannat [Paradise]? ANSWER It is very difficult for those who shun acts of worship and who are totally immersed in sins […]

People who have not heard of Islam

Question: Suppose that a person lives in the mountains, in the desert, in a cave, in a forest, or on an uninhabited island and he/she has not heard of any religions or prophets. If such a person cogitates and infers the existence of Allah through the use of mind or if he/she cannot realize His existence […]

I am certainly a Believer

Question: In the book Endless Bliss, it is written that one should say, “I am certainly a Mu’min [Believer]” even when expressing one’s îmân at one’s last breath. We have no doubts at all about its being true, but we are unable to fully comprehend the subtle difference here. It is understood as if one (by […]

Holding fast to the rules of Islam

Question: After learning my religion correctly, I have begun to observe its rules as much as I possibly can. An atheist heard about my situation and emailed me so: “I heard about your becoming an extremist. You are said to perform namâz, observe fast, and cover yourself. By doing so, do you count yourself a better […]

Is faith a necessity?

Question: Why do people feel the need to believe in Allah? ANSWER Some philosophers say, “Human beings have the need to worship. For this reason, there have been people who worship fire, the sun, or idols.” However, the truth of the matter is as follows: Allahu ta’âlâ has created ‘aql [wisdom] in human beings so that […]

Reaching Allah before death

Question: Wherever they see the word “hidâyah” in the Qur’ân, some people, somehow, say it means a soul’s reaching Allah before death. Actually, are there any âyât or hadîths that are in accordance with this definition? What is “reaching Allah”? ANSWER No, there is not such an âyat or a hadîth. Nor did any Islamic scholars […]

What does hidâyah mean?

Question: What does hidâyah mean?ANSWER It has such senses: to enter the true path after seeing right as right and wrong as wrong; to guide one to the true path; to turn away from dalâlah [deviation, going astray] and false paths; to have îmân and to become a Muslim; a guide; the Qur’ân; tawhîd. Hidâyah means […]

There is one Islam

Question: Is it appropriate to use such expressions as “Turkish Islam” and “Ottoman Islam”? ANSWER Every nation has different customs. However, there is one Islam, and it has to be one, indeed. Today, Shiite Iran’s Islamic life is different from Wahhabite Saudis’. They have mixed the beliefs of heretical groups into their religion. So is the […]